The Shahbag protest of 2013 in Bangladesh began on Tuesday February 5, 2013, in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with the demand of capital punishment for Abdul Quader Mollah and all other accused war criminals of 1971’s Liberation War of Bangladesh. Abdul Quader Mollah was charged with abetting the Pakistani army; actively participating in the 1971 atrocities in Bangladesh; rape (including the rape of minors); and mass murder of Bangladeshis in the Mirpur area of Dhaka during the Liberation War of Bangladesh in 1971. The many grievous atrocities committed by Abdul Quader Mollah during the liberation war earned him the nickname of “Butcher of Mirpur”.
On February 5, 2013, the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh sentenced Abdul Quader Mollah to life in prison after he was proved guilty in five out of the six charges against him. Within hours of the verdict, mass discontent broke out in Bangladesh where most people were expecting capital punishment for Mollah. The bloggers and online activists gave a voice to the public opinion and called for a mass demonstration at the Shahbag intersection in central Dhaka. Thousands of people spontaneously joined the protest and the demonstration culminated into the 2013 Shahbag movement. The Shahbag intersection is currently being referred to as “Generation Circle”, after the new generation credited with initiating such a spontaneous yet robust movement.